The ship was christened by Myrlie Evers-Williams on November 12, 2011.. After serving in World War II, Evers began his career as a disc jockey at WHOC in Philadelphia, Mississippi. Funeral arrangements for Evers were not known Wednesday evening. He was a man who saw a job that needed to be done and he answered the call and the fight for freedom, dignity and justice not just for his people but all people. (He had been imprisoned from 1977 to 1980 on separate charges: conspiring to murder A. I. He died just under an hour later. Has an amendment to the U.S. Constitution ever been repealed? Medgar Evers has had statues built in his honor, and buildings, ships, and streets named in his honor. Medgar's widow, Myrlie Evers, became a noted activist in her own right, serving as national chair of the NAACP. The family included Jesse's two children from a previous marriage. In this undated image, Sen. Ted Kennedy talks with the Rev. In 1968, a former fertilizer salesman and self-avowed white supremacist, Byron De La Beckwith, went on trial twice in the killing, but all-white juries deadlocked and did not convict him. King, and it notes that Charles Evers was once in the bootleg liquor business. He remained involved in Mississippi civil rights activities for many years, and in 1969, was the first African-American mayor elected in the state. Evers served in the U.S. Army in Europe during World War II.Afterward he and his elder brother, Charles Evers, both graduated from Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Alcorn State University, Lorman, Miss.) His brother Charles Evers was the first African American to be elected as mayor of a city in Mississippi in the post-Reconstruction era; he won the office in 1969 in Fayette. Charles Evers immediately requested and was granted appointment by the NAACP to his brother’s position in Mississippi, and afterward he became a major political figure in the state. In December 2004, the Jackson City Council changed the name of the city's airport to Jackson–Medgar Wiley Evers International Airport in his honor.. In 1969, Charles Evers made history when he was elected mayor of Fayette, becoming the first Black mayor in Mississippi. Botnick.) He was 97. Links will not be permitted. Myrlie Evers did not give up the fight for a conviction of her husband's killer. Evers endorsed Ronald Reagan for president in 1980 and served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1996. It is through the courage of individuals such as Evers that civil rights standards were lifted and advanced throughout the years that followed. He was set free in 1964 after two trials resulted in hung juries but was convicted in a third trial held in 1994. Evers served in the U.S. Army in Europe during World War II. Evers was memorialized by leading Mississippi and national authors both black and white: James Baldwin, Margaret Walker, Eudora Welty, and Anne Moody. , Evers was portrayed by Howard Rollins in the 1983 television film For Us the Living: The Medgar Evers Story. Democrats always want to give away something,” Evers said after the electors voted. He publicly supported Democrat Barack Obama for president in 2008 and 2012. Charles Evers, brother of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers and longtime figure in Mississippi politics. In 1943, Medgar Evers joined the United States Army and fought during World War II. Ruth said the cause of death was not the coronavirus, and no autopsy is planned. STAY UP TO DATE WITH THE FREE CBN NEWS APP Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. After the end of the war, Evers was honorably discharged as a sergeant. He earned his high school diploma. Charles and Medgar Evers both served in the military during World War II, and they became active in the NAACP when they returned to their home state of Mississippi and continued to face discrimination. Charles Evers was an absolute classic. Read More, A Biden Victory Won't Make Progressives Happy, Voters Remain Split and Conflicted Over State Abortion Laws, The GOP Has a Lock on Senate Control? , In the documentary film I Am Not Your Negro (2016), Evers is one of three black activists (the other two are Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X) who are the focus of reminiscences by author James Baldwin.  Emerging from his car and carrying NAACP T-shirts that read "Jim Crow Must Go", Evers was struck in the back with a bullet fired from an Enfield 1917 rifle; the bullet passed through his heart.  In this position, he helped organize boycotts and set up new local chapters of the NAACP. When Nixon was under fire during the Watergate scandal, Evers was a spirited defender of the embattled president and later told him: "You should’ve burned those damned tapes! They had three children. He also worked for voting rights, economic opportunity, access to public facilities, and other changes in the segregated society. In 1969, Evers made national headlines with his election as mayor of Fayette — the first black to become mayor of a biracial town in the Deep South since Reconstruction. That led to a victory by Republican Thad Cochran, who later became chairman of the powerful Appropriations Committee and remained in the Senate until early 2018. ", "Mississippi marks 50th anniversary of Medgar Evers' death", "Memorial service for Medgar Evers held at Arlington National Cemetery", "Paying Tribute to a Seeker of Justice, 50 Years After His Assassination", "HOLDER PRAISES SLAIN BLACK ACTIVIST MEDGAR EVERS", "Medgar Evers honored at Arlington National Cemetery", "Interior Department Announces 24 New National Historic Landmarks | U.S. Department of the Interior", "Retrospective Reviews II: Jackson C. Frank", "Actor Rollins dies Appreciation: Baltimore native earned acclaim for dramatic film, stage performances", "‘I Am Not Your Negro’: Film Review | TIFF 2016", JFK First Draft Condolence Letter to Medgar Evers’ Widow, June 12, 1963. He served in Europe, and in 1944, he fought in the Battle of N… I doubt we will ever see another like him. Barry Bradford and three students—Sharmistha Dev, Jajah Wu, and Debra Siegel, formerly of Adlai E. Stevenson High School in Lincolnshire, Illinois—planned and hosted the commemoration in his honor. ", “Charles Evers was never afraid to challenge the accepted norms or fly in the face of political correctness,” Wicker said. Afterward he and his elder brother, Charles Evers, both graduated from Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Alcorn State University, Lorman, Miss.) After his brother's assassi… Earn your stars and stripes in this quiz of American history. July 2, Historically, in 1954, the US Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional for public schools to be segregated. Stay informed with the latest from CBN News delivered to your inbox. For more of his reports, Go Here Now.  De La Beckwith was convicted of murder on February 5, 1994, after having lived as a free man for much of the three decades following the killing. He publicly supported Democrat Barack Obama for president in 2008 and 2012.  Myrlie also founded the Medgar Evers Institute in 1998, with the initial goal of preserving and advancing the legacy of Medgar Evers' life's work.  On June 7, 1963, Evers was nearly run down by a car after he came out of the NAACP office in Jackson, Mississippi. When he arrived home, Evers' family was waiting for him and his children exclaimed to his wife, Myrlie, that he had arrived. — Wanda Evers, the niece of slain Mississippi civil-rights leader Medgar Evers, confronted Republican U.S. Senate candidate Chris McDaniel at an Oct. 13 campaign event in Clinton, Miss., about comments he made on MSNBC's "Morning Joe." Medgar Wiley Evers was born 2nd July 1925 to James and Jesse Evers. Medgar Evers married Myrlie Beasley in December 1951. Even though it was 31 years later, in 1994, De La Beckwith was convicted and found guilty. It was later adapted into a movie. Evers was born on July 2, 1925, in Decatur, Mississippi, the third of five children (including elder brother Charles Evers) of Jesse (Wright) and James Evers. In 1983, a television movie was made based on the book. James Charles Evers (September 11, 1922 – July 22, 2020) was an American civil rights activist, businessman, disc jockey, and politician. Friday, 24 July 2020 01:26 PM. Medgar Evers, state secretary for the NAACP, in Jackson, Mississippi, on Aug. 9, 1955. A large white supremacist population and the Ku Klux Klan were present in Jackson and its suburbs.  Evers and his siblings walked 12 miles (19 kilometers) a day to attend segregated schools; eventually Medgar earned his high school diploma. , In the early morning of Wednesday, June 12, 1963, just hours after President John F. Kennedy's nationally televised Civil Rights Address, Evers pulled into his driveway after returning from a meeting with NAACP lawyers.  District Attorney and future governor Bill Waller prosecuted De La Beckwith.  Two years later, in 2019, the site was designated a National Monument. There has been speculation that many members of the police force at the time were members of the Klan. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was 97. Byron de La Beckwith, a white segregationist, was charged with the murder.  Together they had three children: Darrell Kenyatta, Reena Denise, and James Van Dyke Evers. He was identified as a Freedom hero by The My Hero Project..  Former President Bill Clinton, Attorney General Eric Holder, Navy Secretary Ray Mabus, Senator Roger Wicker, and NAACP President Benjamin Jealous all spoke commemorating Evers. “I like rich folks. We are committed to delivering quality independent Christian journalism you can trust. ", in which the speaker is the imagined assassin of Medgar Evers, was published in The New Yorker in July 1963. Omissions? On May 28, 1963, a Molotov cocktail was thrown into the carport of his home.  Evers was the subject of the students' research project. Medgar Evers came close to harm on more than one occasion, with a Molotov cocktail being thrown into his carport in May 1963, and also almost being run-down by a car in June 1963, as he left an NAACP office. His widow Myrlie Evers became a noted activist in her own right, eventually serving as national chairperson of the NAACP. American.  He earned his Bachelor of Arts in 1952. On June 12, 1963, a few hours after President John F. Kennedy had made an extraordinary broadcast to the nation on the subject of civil rights, Medgar Evers was shot and killed in an ambush in front of his home. At the time, most black people were still disenfranchised by Mississippi's constitution and voter registration practices; this meant they were also excluded from juries, which were drawn from the pool of registered voters. Following the Brown v. Board of Education decision, local whites founded the White Citizens' Council in Mississippi, and numerous local chapters were started, to resist the integration of schools and facilities. His family explained who he was and he was admitted; he died in the hospital 50 minutes later. , Eudora Welty's short story, "Where Is the Voice Coming From? , The couple moved to Mound Bayou, Mississippi, a town developed by African Americans, where Evers became a salesman for T. R. M. Howard's Magnolia Mutual Life Insurance Company. CLINTON, Miss. Myrlie Evers was national chairwoman of the NAACP from 1995 to 1998. On 12th June 1963, Medgar Evers returned home in the early hours of the morning, having been at meeting with NAACP lawyers. In 1954, he was made the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People(NAACP) State Voter Registration chairman. The town was established by African Americans, and Evers became a salesman for Magnolia Mutual Life Insurance Company, owned by T.R.M. He was born in Mississippi, United States, in a town called Decatur.Evers had four siblings and had to walk 12 miles on a daily basis to attend school, which at the time, was segregated. James Charles Evers, the older brother of civil rights icon Medgar Evers, died in Mississippi Wednesday morning of natural causes, Rankin County Coroner David Ruth told CNN.
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