kingston glasgow history

“The old columns had to be severed top and bottom and slid out horizontally. The bridge connects Anderston and the city centre at Junction 18/19 with Tradeston and the Gorbals at Junction 20. View looking S of main store, Port Glasgow, Kingston Yard “In Glasgow from the outset they weren’t just looking at roads, they were also looking at upgrading the underground, the bus network, and taking trams away,” Stuart explained. 1/3, — Glasgow Motorway Archive (@GlasgowsMways) June 17, 2020. View looking N of 'British Spey' in fitting out basin, View from ENE showing boat in fitting-out basin with part of shipyard on left. “Glasgow having its historic central core meant it wasn’t possible to provide massive multi-lane freeways through the city centre. Dominating the skyline to the west of Glasgow’s city centre, this month sees the 50th anniversary of the Queen Mother cutting the ribbon to open the 52,000 tonne structure. View looking N of Joiners shop, View of Fabrication Flow Line from SW. View from NE showing bulk carrier (Gallic Bridge) in fitting out basin, Interior. “In terms of what the bridge brought to the city, I’d say it deserves much more love. Engineer Jim McCafferty was thrilled to finish up at university and land a job on the Inner Ring Road project. The growth in traffic has been very realistic, if you take into account various things that impact on it. It was jumping. All Rights Reserved. In 1882 it was bought by Russell and Company and the business grew as they adopted a standardised design process which lead them to become the most productive shipyard in the world at that time. But the plan was met by opposition from the Clyde Port Authority, who insisted on the need for river traffic to be able to continue as far as the city centre. The erstwhile Kingston Dock which was located on the south bank of the river was closed to allow for construction of the bridge. [citation needed] At the Public Inquiry into the road scheme, critics countered that this would mean an increase in ground-level traffic in the Tradeston area as commuters attempt to gain access to the bridge's access ramps. As it turned out, ships would end up rarely coming that far upriver, but the low level bridge was scrapped. The Kingston Bridge is a balanced cantilever dual-span ten lane road bridge made of triple-cell segmented prestressed concrete box girders crossing the River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland. “I found it a very exciting environment to be working in. The dock was eventually closed to navigation in 1966, when work began on the construction of the Kingston Bridge; the basin was subsequently filled in and housing built on the site. Oblique aerial view of the former sites of the Glen and Kingston Shipyards, looking SW. Oblique aerial view of the former site of the Kingston Shipyard, looking SW. “Various people did attempt urban motorways and the like in cities like Birmingham and Coventry and so on. “It was a very popular opening ceremony, of all the motorway projects it was the busiest by far,” Stuart said. All rights reserved. [6] By 1990, the sheer excess volume and weight of traffic, combined with poor design and flaws in construction, resulted in serious structural deterioration. The bridge is made of two parallel structures, joined together with three sections in between to hold it together. Digital image of B 45006. These images show construction of the bridge north approach roads at Anderston in late 1967. View from N of plate crane, View of Engine Works from W. Digital image of B 45010, Port Glasgow, Kingston Yard View looking NNE of Nordic Clansman at Drydock Quay, View of Shipways from SE showing two electric cranes. The Glasgow Motorway Archive is looking to collect stories. Published 5 June 2019. “In the railway era, Isambard Kingdom Brunel thought he was involved in the greatest work in England. The new columns were filled up with concrete and the bridge transferred onto them. Construction work on the bridge began on May 15 1967. The eventual refurbishment involved the substantial task of a phased lifting of the bridge and shifting it around two inches onto new bearings, work which qualified for the Guinness Book of Records for the world’s biggest ever bridge lift. “Eventually, I think especially in the Charing Cross area, people began to ask questions about how much more of Glasgow was going to be knocked down. Digital image of B 45001, Port Glasgow, Kingston Yard View looking SE of bulk carrier under construction, Port Glasgow, Kingston Yard Construction was a joint venture between Logan and Marples Ridgway. I think they saw it as the future almost. “It was certainly the biggest civil engineering project in the city centre since the arrival of the railways the century before.”, In 1961, W.A Fairhurst were tasked with designing the new bridge. “This was one of the biggest bridge lifts ever attempted anywhere.”, For more on the history of Scott Wilson Scotland, visit “To an extent, American practice influenced the decision making over here. The bridge transformed the way motorists travel across the country, reducing dangerous levels of traffic on city streets as part of the city’s ambitious motorway strategy. “It’s all designed to fit in with the cityscape as much as possible and that was their direct influence. “Two hollow arches tied together with lots of cables and tendons – in construction terms it’s probably one of the most simple forms, but very difficult to design because of the loadings and the traffic that uses it.”. But Glasgow’s bustling Kingston Bridge, which celebrates its 50th birthday today, is every bit as iconic. Kingston Bridge was first proposed in 1945 as part of the Glasgow Inner Ring Road scheme. © Historic Environment Scotland. It had been completed in 1867 between Windmillcroft Quay and the former headquarters of the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society The initial plan was for a twin deck bridge with quay level & high level decks. While the Glasgow weather didn’t have too much of an impact on the construction, engineers had to build a new 1.8m sewer from Charing Cross to the river to deal with motorway surface water run-off. It was very different to what had been there prior. “We had to investigate what exactly was wrong and what was to be done,” he recalled. Under those shiny stone panels are hollow concrete boxes that don’t look particularly nice, so they were aware of that and tried to make it as aesthetically pleasing as possible. “All the roads coming into Glasgow at the time converged in the city centre. Glasgow’s newbuild motorway recruited the renowned William Holford architects to make the network as glamorous as tarmac and concrete could possibly be. You had a lot of traffic coming through and the safety record was poor, and it was difficult to cross roads safely. Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. Almost all of them ended up with a hotch-potch. “You’ve always got pebble finished walls, sandstone in some places, others are painted. The M74 extension opened on 28 June 2011. Stallan-Brand Architects had submitted plans to demolish most of the historic property to retain only the building shell. In 1964 it bought the Inchgreen dry dock (see NS37NW 17) and in 1967 it merged with Scotts to form Scott Lithgow and further develop the yard. In 1882 it was bought by Russell and Company and the business grew as they adopted a standardised design process which lead them to become the most productive shipyard in the world at that time. Jim says he “thoroughly enjoyed” the experience of working on the ring road project. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing west. Canmore Disclaimer. These repairs have involved strengthening the quay walls and jacking-up the 52,000-tonne deck of the bridge, while still operational, to allow the construction of new supporting piers, before lowering the bridge back onto the new, more robust supports. 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Carrying the M8 motorway through the city centre, the Kingston Bridge is one of the busiest bridges in Europe, carrying around 150,000 vehicles every day.[1][2][3]. It was Glasgow's first enclosed dock. It wasn’t until the opening of the Clyde Arc in 2006 that the crossing was realised. It consists of two parallel spans, each 21 m (68 ft) wide, with each supporting a five lane deck. For decades, the Kingston Bridge has been at the heart of Scotland’s motorway network, carrying tens of thousands of vehicles across the River Clyde … The name of the bridge refers to the Kingston area on the south of the river. He recalled: “It was an eclectic group of people there from various parts of the world, London, Poland, Hong Kong, Nigeria. Interior view of main store, Newark Sail Cloth Company, Port Glasgow, Kingston Yard While only the north and west segments of the original Inner Ring Road plan came to fruition, cities across the world saw what had been done in Glasgow, and many of the engineers who worked on the motorway project ended up working on similar networks elsewhere. The existing "ski ramp" where the Inner Ring was intended to continue on has remained unused; the extended M74 meets the M8 secondary carriageways a few hundred metres further south at Scotland Street. This image has been produced from a damaged negative. Site Name Port Glasgow, Kingston Shipyard, Alternative Name(s) Newark Sail Cloth Company; Greenock, Ardgowan Street, Kingston Yard, Permalink Information from RCAHMS (MKO) 27 June 2002. City Engineer Robert Bruce put together a wide-ranging report, which included bold ideas like the Clyde Tunnel and a Glasgow Inner Ring Road – a motorway circling the city centre. The erstwhile Kingston Dock which was located on the south bank of the river was closed to allow for construction of the bridge. In 1961, Detroit was among the cities scouted by officials from the Glasgow Corporation and the Scotland Office to see how public transport and road systems were implemented on a large scale. During the 1950s, there was little in the way of money to invest and no progress, but by the 1960s there was budget available to get the city moving more efficiently. Serious defects were discovered in the late 1980s, as the bridge wasn’t expanding backwards and forwards as it should’ve. They also put in place an innovative under-road heating system to deal with ice, but it would eventually fail to work in the way it was intended to.

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