Please make sure you know these terms as well. This caret tells us we are talking specifically about scale degrees. Which note is the 2nd degree of the G major scale? Also, we have to keep in mind the two zones that make up each octave register on the keyboard. You should learn the major and minor solfege syllables fluently. As you can see, not all notes have corresponding sharp and flat versions. When the scale is played, the first note is usually repeated at the end, one octave higher. If you have never used solfege before, you probably know the syllables we use from this famous song from The Sound of Music. Both work well, but in my opinion, La-based is better. We have three ways of labeling pitches inside a key. Here is the solfege for C natural minor. How many sharps/flats are there in the key of G major? A final set of labels can be called scale degree names. The raised pitches in harmonic and natural minor match La and Ti in the major scale. But this is very rare, and much less common than the Di, Ri, etc. However, both a C major scale and a D major scale would start and end on Do (Do, Re, Me, Fa, Sol, La, Ti, Do). With Fixed Do solfege, Do is always a C, Re is always a D, Mi = E, Fa = F, Sol = G, La = A, and Ti = B. However, this is very rare and mostly used in very old hymns and singing styles. © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. It is also a very useful tool to learn from and, as we mentioned earlier, is used extensively in singing lessons. A second system of note labels is scale degree numbers. Note the caret above each number. For instance, they would say Do♯ [pronounced as doh sharp] instead of Di, or La♭(la flat) instead of Le. Therefore, for every type of scale there are 12 possible starting notes. Therefore, the final G will sometimes be included in examples and diagrams, depending on the situation. Just like regular letter notes aren’t just used in scales, we can use Solfege to sing melodies. It’s a great way to train your ears to know what you’re hearing! Practice Solfege with the Circle of Fifths Interactive Tool How to use this tool: Select the appropriate clef (Treble or Bass) Click on one of the keys; Click on the image to hear the appropriate Solfege … There are also versions of solfege where Do is always C (fixed do), and another movable do that starts minor keys on la (to match relative keys rather than parallel ones). Solfege for minor scales is different based on whether or not you used Do-based or La-based minor. Copyright © 2013 - 2020 Allaboutmusictheory.com All Rights Reserved. So, we have the notes in solfege of any Major scale we can think of. A scale can start on any note. Make sure you can connect solfege syllables to scale degree numbers and back again. F# is the 7th degree, and so on. And here it is in G major. For example, a C major scale has a specific set of letters that are played in order – C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C. In solfege the notes of a major scale are sung and written as: And here is a C Major scale shown with the solfege notes: The main difference between Solfege and regular letter notes is that Do is always the starting note of a major scale. The following chart shows the solfege syllables for each note in the G major scale: All major scales can be split in half, into two major tetrachords (a 4-note segment with the pattern 2-2-1, or whole-step, whole-step, half-step). You have to finish following quiz, to start this quiz: What scale degree is the note C in the G major scale? Here it is in all 4 commonly used clefs – treble, bass, alto and tenor: The rest of the notation examples will be shown in treble clef, but all the examples are provided for reference in the others 3 clefs as well at the end of this lesson. For example, here’s how you would sing a C natural minor scale in solfege: This treats the scale as if it’s it’s own key with the keynote (C in C minor) being Do. The major scale is a 7-note scale, made up … by Jukie Bot ©2013 CC by 2.0. So (or Sol), that’s all there is to Solfege! Your email address will not be published. You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz. Samuel Chase has been playing music since he was 5 years old, and teaching music since he was 13. Download my free eBook with all my favourite music theory resources. That’s why Mi and Ti don’t have a sharp version (because the note one semitone above them is already another note) and why Do and Fa don’t have a flat version. In this case, that’s the note G. This kind of “rounds off” the scale, and makes it sound complete. It is the most common way children and students are taught how to sing certain scales and notes, and it is a really helpful skill to know, even for professionals. The G major scale consists of the following notes: There are 7 different notes in the scale. He is currently working as a film composer and writing a book on film music. What if you want to make a note sharp (♯) and move it up one semitone, or make it flat (♭) and move it down one semitone, or take a note that’s already sharp or flat and make it natural (♮)? Solfege is a system of notation in which every note of a scale is given a specific syllable that is always said for that note. What is the solfege syllable for D in the G major scale? Here’s what it looks like (spanning one octave): And here it is with the scale degrees indicated: Notice the unique major scale pattern: Whole, whole, half; whole, whole, whole, half. In this post we’ll answer the question: what is solfege? The chart below shows the position of each note within the scale: The G major scale contains 1 sharp: the note F#. It’s helpful to see this on a piano diagram: In traditional harmony, special names are given to each scale degree. The lower tetrachord of G major is made up of the notes G, A, B, and C. The upper tetrachord is made up of the notes D, E, F#, and G. These two 4-note segments are joined by a whole-step in the middle. The vowels for Me, Le, and Te match the sound for Re (so they sound like May, Lay, and Tay). Even if you’ve never taken singing lessons, you’ve most likely heard someone use it or sing a melody with it. First, however, it could be helpful to brush up on what a scale is and how we play it. Say we had a C major scale and then moved up a note to play a D major scale – that scale would start and end on D (D, E, F♯, G, A, B, C♯, D). He has a PhD in Music from the University of Surrey, and he has composed music that has been played in three different countries.