On 19 December 1944, Japanese aircraft carrier Unryu disintegrated when torpedoes fired by USS Redfish detonated the forward magazine. After a mostly successful evacuation, the 500 tonnes of ammunition in the bunker exploded and destroyed large parts of the town. No one knows exactly what caused the explosions, but they occurred in a warehouse that contained hazardous and flammable chemicals, including calcium carbide, sodium cyanide, potassium nitrate, ammonium nitrate and sodium nitrate, so that probably had something to do with it. Fires broke out in the aftermath, leaving 5,000 people homeless. At 5 pm, a huge explosion destroyed nearby buildings and created a huge wave that washed over the seafront. The main explosion, involving more than 400 tons of propellant in containers, destroyed hundreds of houses within a few kilometers from the depot and broke windows in cars on the Tirana-Durrës highway. The MOAB contains 18,700 lb (8.5 t) of the H6 explosive, which is 1.35 times as powerful as TNT, giving the bomb an approximate yield of 11 t TNT. On December 28, 1944, while transporting ammunition to Mindoro, Philippines, the Liberty ship SS John Burke was hit by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft, and disintegrated in a tremendous explosion with the loss of all hands..  Rubble from the detonation was used in 1890 to fill the gap between Great Mill Rock and Little Mill Rock, merging the two into a single island, Mill Rock. The most powerful man-made nuclear weapon ever created, the Russian Tsar Bomba, was tested on Oct. 30, 1961. The most powerful non-nuclear weapons ever designed are the United States' MOAB (standing for Massive Ordnance Air Blast, also nicknamed Mother Of All Bombs, tested in 2003 and used on April 13, 2017, in Achin District, Afghanistan) and the Russian Father of All Bombs (tested in 2007). 3,055 crewmen were killed. The death toll was 68, and 160 were injured. Topping off the list is the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–Pg) extinction event, which is said to have been the direct result of a comet or asteroid impacting the earth 66 million years ago. , On 21 September 2001, an explosion occurred at a fertilizer factory in Toulouse, France. In 1983 near Murdock, Illinois, at least two tanker cars of a burning derailed train exploded into BLEVEs; one of them was thrown nearly three-quarters mile (1.2 km). Approximately 3–4 minutes after the initial blast, there was a second explosion from 12 oil cars.  As it burned, several pressurized liquefied propane gas storage tanks exploded into fireballs. Because of the sensitivity of the subject, reports of the explosion were censored until after the Armistice. On 11 December 2005, there was a series of major explosions at the 60,000,000 imp gal (270,000,000 L) capacity Buncefield oil depot near Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England. On 2 April 1916, an explosion ripped through the gunpowder mill at Uplees, near Faversham, Kent, when 200 tons of TNT ignited. The explosion occurred at a weekend otherwise the casualties would have been much heavier. Over a hundred people were killed and thousands were injured. The facility, said to be one of the largest in the world at the time, was destroyed, along with more than 300 buildings forcing reconstruction of South Amboy and Sayreville. The disaster killed more than 295 students and teachers, making it the deadliest school disaster in American history. Maybe it’s the tiny caveman that exists in all of us, but the destructive nature of fire is a truly awesome thing to behold. The explosion was heard up to 200 kilometres (120 mi) away. German reports speak of the ship being overwhelmed at close range and sinking. A series of tests, Operation Sailor Hat, was performed off Kaho'olawe Island, Hawaii in 1965, using conventional explosives to simulate the shock effects of nuclear blasts on naval vessels. An inquiry blamed faulty priming, possibly by untrained personnel. Three German bombs struck her, igniting 350 tonnes of TNT; a nearby barge carried a further 100 tonnes which also detonated. There were few deaths, but about 100 injuries. About half of Beijing, from Xuanwumen Gate in the South to today's West Chang'an Boulevard in the North, was affected. The subsequent series of explosions continued for three days. The ship and 580 personnel aboard were destroyed within 30 seconds when the cargo of bombs and explosives detonated. Some other dummy will handle that for you. 160 people were killed, and 5,000 wounded.  Comparing explosions of initially unmixed fuels is difficult (being part detonation and part deflagration). The resulting fire was extinguished on 25 October. In 1865 after the Capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina the accidental explosion of the Fort Magazine resulted in an estimated 200 persons killed. A series of explosions on 25 May 1917 killed 300 workers. , On 7 August 1956, seven trucks from the Colombian army, carrying more than 40 tons of dynamite, exploded. 581 died, over 5,000 injured. Thirty-eight soldiers, including General Zebulon Pike, the American commander, were killed and 222 were wounded. On 13 September 1939, the French cruiser Pluton exploded and sank while offloading naval mines in Casablanca, in French Morocco. There were 15 deaths and more than 170 injured.  The explosion sent a geyser of water 250 feet in the air; the blast was felt as far away as Princeton, New Jersey. , On 17 September 1964, the offshore disposal of the ship Village, containing 7,348 short tons (6,666 t) of obsolete munitions, caused unexpected detonations five minutes after sinking off New Jersey. Port buildings were destroyed and damaged. The cargo consisted of 3,300 tonnes of ammonium nitrate in addition to paraffin and petrol. The largest explosion was estimated to be equivalent to 0.25 kilotons of TNT (1.0 TJ). British reports say she was seen to blow up. On 21 September 1921, a BASF silo filled with 4,500 tonnes of fertilizer exploded, killing around 560, largely destroying Oppau, Germany, and causing damage more than 30 km (19 mi) away. The Battle of the Crater (as it came to be called) was thus a victory for the Confederacy. A DuPont spokesman was reported on as being perplexed by the coverage of the blast, quoted as saying "explosions occur every day in steel mills, flouring mills and grain elevators with hardly a line in the paper.
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